Microbiota ocular y sistema inmunológico

Los estudios sobre la microbiota ocular han demostrado la presencia de una amplia gama de especies bacterianas, lgunas de las cuales pueden tener un papel protector contra ciertas enfermedades oculares.

En particular, la interacción entre la microbiota ocular y el sistema inmunitario del huésped parece desempeñar un papel clave en la regulación de la respuesta inflamatoria local, a través de la producción de interleucinas pro y antiinflamatorias.

Algunas investigaciones sugieren que la microbiota ocular puede influir en la producción de interleucina-17 (IL-17), que desempeña un papel importante en la inmunidad innata contra ciertas infecciones bacterianas.

De manera similar, algunas especies bacterianas de la microbiota ocular parecen ser capaces de modular la producción de interleucina-10 (IL-10), una citocina antiinflamatoria que desempeña un papel importante en la prevención de una respuesta inmune excesiva que podría dañar los tejidos oculares..


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Tagged in: Ocular Dysbiosis

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