Ocular microbiome and dry eye
The ocular microbiome plays an important role in regulating ocular inflammation and producing tear film, which is critical to keeping the eye hydrated and preventing dry eye.
Dry eye is a pathology characterized by reduced tear production or insufficient quality of the tear film. This pathology can be caused by several factors, including aging, diabetic disease, wearing contact lenses, exposure to dry or windy environments, and dysbiosis of the ocular microbiome.
Dysbiosis of the ocular microbiome can lead to chronic inflammation of the ocular surface, which in turn can damage the lacrimal gland and reduce tear production. In addition, dysbiosis can alter the quality of the tear film, making it less stable and less effective in protecting the ocular surface.
Some research suggests that probiotic therapy can help restore the composition of the ocular microbiome and prevent dry eye. In particular, the use of probiotics containing beneficial bacterial strains such as Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium can help reduce eye inflammation and improve the quality of the tear film.
In addition, other strategies to prevent dry eye include the use of eye lubricants, regular hydration of the organism, regular cleaning of contact lenses, and protecting the eyes from dry or windy environments.
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Tagged in: Ocular Dysbiosis